• NAMI Flagstaff

People of Any Age, Part II

Excerpted from "People of Any Age with Underlying Medical Conditions"

Source: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Updated June 25, 2020


How Germs Spread


Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands. Washing hands can keep you healthy and prevent the spread of respiratory and diarrheal infections from one person to the next. Germs can spread from other people or surfaces when you:

  • Touch your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands

  • Prepare or eat food and drinks with unwashed hands

  • Touch a contaminated surface or objects

  • Blow your nose, cough, or sneeze into hands and then touch other people’s hands or common objects

Key Times to Wash Hands


You can help yourself and your loved ones stay healthy by washing your hands often, especially during these key times when you are likely to get and spread germs:

  • Before touching your eyes, nose, or mouth because that’s how germs enter our bodies.

  • Before, during, and after preparing food

  • Before eating food

  • Before and after caring for someone at home who is sick with vomiting or diarrhea

  • Before and after treating a cut or wound

  • After using the restroom or toilet

  • After changing diapers or cleaning up a child who has used the toilet

  • After handling your cloth face covering

  • After leaving a public place

  • After blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing

  • After touching an animal, animal feed, or animal waste

  • After handling pet food or pet treats

  • After touching garbage

During the COVID-19 pandemic, you should also clean hands:

  • After you have been in a public place and touched an item or surface that may be frequently touched by other people, such as door handles, tables, gas pumps, shopping carts, electronic credit card keys and touch screens, etc.

  • After you have been in a public place, or after blowing your nose, coughing, sneezing or adjusting your mask.

Follow Five Steps to Wash Your Hands the Right Way

  1. Wet your hands with clean, running water (warm or cold), turn off the tap, and apply soap.

  2. Lather your hands by rubbing them together with the soap. Lather the backs of your hands, between your fingers, and under your nails.

  3. Scrub your hands for at least 20 seconds. Need a timer? Hum the “Happy Birthday” song from beginning to end twice.

  4. Rinse your hands well under clean, running water.

  5. Dry your hands using a clean towel or air dry them.


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